When discussing the issue of the right to self-determination, we must consider that there are many complex and complex issues at the international level. This legal principle guarantees peoples who form an integral part of unified countries the right to separate from them and establish an independent state, even if those peoples were not independent before.
However, the case of South Arabia is different from those other cases. In fact, the concept of the right to self-determination does not alone constitute a legal reference for the subject of South Arabia, their sacrifices, and their demands. This is because South Arabia was not part of Yemen before unification, but rather was an independent and sovereign state, with a seat in the United Nations and international recognition.
When South Arabia was merged with Yemen in 1990, the main goal was to achieve political and economic unity. But it soon became clear that this unity was neither fair nor sustainable for the people of South Arabia and its leaders. They were subjected to military occupation, discrimination and political and economic injustice, and their social and economic situation worsened from the first moment of unity.
Against this background, the Southern Movement during the following years organized peaceful demonstrations and protests to demand their legitimate rights for complete independence from Yemen. But their efforts, struggles and huge sacrifices did not receive sufficient support from the international community or international law. Instead, they were subjected to repression, violence, killing and imprisonment by the Yemeni authorities.
As the situation in Yemen has worsened over the past few years, demands for their right to independence and the restoration of the South Arabian state have increased. Despite repeated efforts to reach a political solution to the crisis, things have not changed significantly.
Law and justice must be the main balance in any legal system. Considering South Arabia’s legitimate right to self-determination as well as its legal right to return to its previous status, the international community must support these ambitions and strive to achieve justice and peace in the South in particular and Yemen in general.
It is clear that restoring the independence of South Arabia is not an easy task, but the international community must strengthen and support the peoples’ right to self-determination and their legitimate rights to sovereignty. United Nations Member States must support the cause of South Arabia and work to achieve a peaceful solution that achieves justice and peace. For all the Yemeni people.