I stopped speaking and writing about the situation in Yemen for a long time because of my concern about following the bloody events in the occupied Palestinian territories, but I decided to return to the Yemen file because of the developments that continue dynamically with a joint Saudi-Omani move to end a definitive war, which has been going on since 2015, as an essential step before going to an investigation… Political file.
It would have been morally natural to expect that research in the humanitarian file would be easy, fast and unconditionally supported by the Yemeni parties, if it were not that its provisions related to basic needs have become matters for political blackmail, taking priority over the general. national interest, therefore negotiations and consultations were prolonged due to small details.
When you look at the terms of the draft agreement, it will be easy to understand the moral decline that has befallen the Yemenis due to their intransigence and their rejection of all regional and international efforts to solve problems whose complexity should not have become an obstacle. to end the war once and for all.
How can it be ethical and humane to negotiate lists of Yemeni prisoners and detainees sitting in Yemeni prisons? How do we understand that the Ansar Allah Houthi group, as well as the Transitional Council group, insist on proving their abandonment of their humanity, by continuing to block roads in areas under their control? Is it morally acceptable to put restrictions on the reopening of airports to facilitate the movement of citizens?
The delay in the completion of the humanitarian file proves that the parties of the Yemeni war have abandoned the priority rights of citizens, which should not be subjects for discussion, debate and futility, making them mere points in a battle that they aim to win. issue creates a strong impression on the effects left by the war and how the rights of simple Yemenis have become… Papers for bargaining by all parties.
A few days ago I met in the Jordanian capital, Amman, some Western diplomats involved in Yemeni affairs, as well as Yemeni friends passing through or living in Jordan. Naturally, opinions differed on possible ways, far from illusions and dreams; to make a breakthrough in the humanitarian file, because its achievement will open wide doors to calm and the beginning. In the movement of people and goods without obstacles, this in itself will constitute a positive development that must be confirmed and sought to turn. into reality.
Among the issues raised that prevent an agreement to end the war, the issue of salaries of employees of government institutions in regions controlled by Houthi appears because the “legitimacy” and the “group” refuse to bear responsibility for them and exchange accusations about the party that should pay them.
In fact, the abandonment by both parties of their moral and legal obligations, as well as the amount of hatred that has accumulated over the last nine years, makes thinking about approaching the return of social peace a complex issue that requires many years of legal and political solutions, and above all, leaders who believe in national partnership, which does not simply mean Participation in governance, but rather in accepting the idea of equal citizenship regardless of ethnic and regional affiliation.
Going beyond what this war has done in terms of destruction, bloodshed and displacement at home and abroad leaves one confused about the paths that must be taken and approved to mitigate the tragedies that have accumulated. I am sure that the Yemenis have not seen the real tragedies of the war, and the extent of the destruction that was caused will not become clear to them and their country except after stopping it permanently.
The ability to speed up agreement on the humanitarian file will contribute to reducing the extent of suffering and ending the deterioration of people’s daily lives, and its implementation and adherence to its provisions will lead to entry into the second phase of the United Nations plan regarding to political consultations. which are planned to discuss the future of the country, and here the focus must be on what He will face this process.
When the idea of collective governance was adopted instead of President Abd Rabbuh Mansour Hadi on April 7, 2022, the aim was to gather the leaders of the armed factions and unify the political and field positions in preparation for the final political agreement, but this formula proved difficult to achieve the goal for many reasons.
The Presidential Command Council includes leaders of armed entities that are not under the control of the Ministry of Defense or the President of the Council, who do not know the details of their formations, military plans or ultimate goals. Because of this, he could not solve this strange, confusing and disturbing scene at the same time.
On the other hand, the representatives of the Southern Transitional Council in the government and the Presidential Leadership Council suffer from the inability to explain their position on the plan that Riyadh and Muscat are working to sign the parties, and the President of the Council. , Aidaroos Al-Zubaidi, practices double talk, because he sometimes wears the mantle of membership in the Presidential Leadership Council, whose members are supposed to work Under the Constitution of the Republic of Yemen, we sometimes find him fulfilling the duties of the transitional. a president who calls for the establishment of an independent southern state, and this is a pathetic and ridiculous scene.
It is necessary for the Southern Transitional Council to understand that it cannot continue and participate in the government and then the proposed negotiating delegation, while it continues to consume its repetitive, boring and duplicitous rhetoric and lose with it the popular base that it could. build while it was an opposition out of power. Today, it must choose the position that suits its true political orientations. That is, the departure of its ministers from the government, which it no longer has the right or justifications to criticize or oppose. decisions, considering that suspicions of corruption and regionalism have become their own and have attached themselves to them and to many other members of the current government.
The continuous efforts undertaken by Riyadh and Muscat are close to achieving results thanks to the insistence of the two capitals on opening horizons of cooperation and stability in the region, and those who represent the Yemeni parties must exercise some moral and national responsibility by making great concessions on personal interests, which were exaggerated at the expense of the interest of the people and the nation.