Medical article written by Dr. Amani Saleh Hadi
November is Prostate Cancer Awareness Month #The most important thing to know about men’s health
November is Prostate Cancer Awareness Month! It is a global event that receives wide attention and participation in all parts of the world, and due to its importance, it is necessary to spread health awareness among men.
Prostate cancer awareness campaigns focus on encouraging men – especially those with factors that make them more susceptible to prostate cancer – to take preventive measures to maintain prostate health to avoid any health risks or complications that may result from the development of prostate cancer or the progression of the condition.
🌟The importance of prostate cancer awareness
Global initiatives to dedicate November to prostate cancer awareness were due to several reasons, the most prominent of which are the following:
Prostate cancer grows slowly and its symptoms may not appear until the advanced stages of the disease, so it may not be detected until the early stages, and then treatment may not be as effective as the early stages of the cancer.
Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men after lung cancer, so the chance of developing it compared to other cancers is higher.
The possibility of reducing the development and progression of the disease if adequate awareness of the disease is widely spread, especially regarding risk factors, symptoms and periodic examinations.
The symptoms of prostate cancer, which appear in the late stage of the disease, are as follows:
– Difficulty urinating.
– Burning in the urethra.
– Blood in urine.
– Blood in semen.
– Bone pain.
– Losing weight for no reason.
– Sexual weakness.
Age: The older the man, the greater the chance of developing prostate cancer.
Family history: Men who have a father, son or brother with prostate cancer are more likely to develop it.
One in nine men has prostate cancer.
The presence of a genetic mutation in the repair genes of the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) These genes are BRCA1 and BRCA2, which are responsible for preventing the growth of tumors in the body.
Exposure to chemicals, such as herbicides, materials resulting from burning, and chemicals used in wars, especially Agent Orange, which was often used in the Vietnam War.
Exposure to sexually transmitted diseases.
An unhealthy diet that contains a lot of red meat and fatty foods.
🌟Types of prostate cancer:
Adenocarcinomas are the most common type of prostate cancer, and they are cancers that arise from the cells of the prostate gland that make the prostate fluid that is added to semen.
Other types of prostate cancer that are rare include:
Small cell carcinomas.
Transitional cell carcinoma.
🌟 Early detection of prostate cancer
Prostate cancer can be detected early by performing periodic examinations. Among the tests that help in early detection are:
1) Test to detect (PSA) protein levels.
It is done with a blood sample, and it is one of the most common and easiest tests. It reveals the amount of PSA protein produced by prostate tissue, and its high levels (higher than 4 ng/ml) can indicate prostate cancer.
Note: Low levels of PSA protein do not necessarily mean that there is no prostate cancer. A person can have the disease despite low levels of this protein, and vice versa.
2) Clinical prostate examination (DRE)
The doctor detects the presence of any lumps, lumps or hard areas in the prostate.
3) Taking a sample of prostate tissue (biopsy)
It is a detailed examination that confirms or denies the incidence of prostate cancer. Laboratory analysis of the sample will absolutely confirm or deny the presence of cancer cells or not, but this examination is not needed periodically, and its use is limited to cases most at risk of developing prostate cancer, or in the event of strong indicators that may indicate a risk of contracting this type of cancer.
✨Can prostate cancer be prevented?
no; There is no specific method that guarantees complete prevention of the disease, but the risk of its occurrence can be reduced by maintaining public health, with the need to carry out periodic examinations to detect the disease in its early stages, and treat it if necessary.
Using the following instructions:
– Follow a healthy diet that includes foods rich in antioxidants, such as vegetables and fruits.
– Support exercise.
– Maintain body weight.
– Regular examination of the prostate.
– Consult a specialist doctor if strange symptoms appear.
✨Can prostate cancer be completely cured?
Yes, especially if detected in the early stages.
✨Does prostate cancer affect young men?
Prostate cancer is more common in older people, and the risk of developing it increases after the age of 50, but it is rare in adults and young men under 45.
May you always be healthy and well.
#Radiotherapy is a requirement for every cancer patient in Aden
Written by Dr. Amani Saleh Hadi Saeed
Specialist in oncology and radiation therapy
National Center for Oncology – Aden
Doctors Tower – Abdul Aziz District
Advisor to the Policy and Technical Support Unit at the Ministry of Health and Population
Director of the Environment and Social Department at the Ministry of Health and Population
Head of the Health Awareness Unit in Yemen of the Arab Council for Scholars and Talents
Active member of the Association of Afro-Asian Universities