Human Rights Committee: 18 Houthi attacks on cultural and historical objects and property

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(Aden Al-Ghad) Consequences:

The National Committee to Investigate Allegations of Human Rights Violations by the “Government” recorded that the Houthis carried out 18 attacks and damaged cultural and historical objects and property in a number of governorates, including Hodeida, during the period from August 1, 2022 until the end of July 2023.

The committee confirmed in its latest report that attacking or damaging cultural, historical and religious objects is considered a crime under national legislation, and is also considered a serious violation of international agreements, including the Hague Convention ratified by the Republic of Yemen, in addition. to a violation of the provisions of Article (16) of the Second Additional Protocol. Annex to the Convention of Geneva on Non-International Armed Conflict, which prohibited making any hostilities against historical monuments and works of art that constitute the cultural and spiritual heritage of peoples. .

The report explained that the committee monitored and investigated cases of alleged attacks and damages to cultural and historical objects and property, and proved the responsibility of the Houthis for these attacks. The committee paid great attention to monitoring and documenting those violations affecting historical monuments and precious cultural properties that constitute a historical warehouse of the heritage of the Yemeni people.

The report referred to the bombing of the historic Al-Maqqa Temple in the Sarwah District of Ma’rib Governorate on January 14, 2016.

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) recently announced the inclusion of the ruins of the ancient Kingdom of Sheba civilization in Marib, which dates back to the 11th century BC, in the List of World Heritage in Danger.

The government report pointed to the incident of an attack between Al-Fan and its conversion into a weapons store in the city of Al-Mahwit on September 30, 2019, by Rashid Marwan (nicknamed Abu Abdullah), who was appointed at the time by the Houthi -group as supervisor of the security squares in the governorate center (and currently the general director of Al-Mahwit Directorate), together with Abdul Al-Hamid Abu Shams, appointed by the Houthi group as Deputy Secretary of Al-Mahwit Governorate and Director- General of the Culture Office in the Governorate, Mujahid Shaker, together with some armed elements.

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